Our unique osteoporosis program has been successfully supporting patients for the past eight years. Research studies have shown that specific exercise can improve bone mineral density. This six-week program, which includes exercise and education, utilizes the scientific research that evaluates the effects of exercise on bone mineral density. These programs generally run every six weeks during the months of September through April and are available at both of our Guelph clinics and at our Acton location.
Here is what some of our past participants have said:
“I really enjoyed learning and doing the exercises!”
“I wish I would have had this information along time ago…”
“…everyone involved was very knowledgeable and professional.”
If you have any questions, or wish to register for the program, please contact us.
Post Breast Cancer
This program utilizes exercises and hands-on physiotherapy to educate, to restore upper limb range of motion, and to minimize swelling.
What does the research say?
Research studies have shown that women who attend physiotherapy have less pain, return to activity quicker and show improved shoulder function. These private treatments are booked as independent treatment sessions and are currently offered at our Guelph – Bullfrog Mall and Acton clinics.
What is common but NOT normal
Low Back Pain, Pelvic Pain and Physiotherapy
It is well known that almost half of all pregnant women and 25% of postpartum women suffer from pelvic and/or low back pain. Pelvic pain is a specific kind of low back pain. It can come from many structures including the pelvic floor, sacroiliac joints, hip joints and surrounding muscles. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada readily acknowledges that core stability training with a physiotherapist is recommended to prevent and treat back and pelvic pain during and following pregnancy (Joint Policy Statement for the SOGC, 2005).
1 in 2 childbearing women will suffer with some form of pelvic dysfunction, including pelvic pain, incontinence and prolapse. Physiotherapy can help successfully treat these conditions. Although these dysfunctions are common, it does NOT mean that we have to “live with it”. If you have concerns about your pelvic health, please contact a health care professional to discuss your concerns.
Urinary Incontinence – 1 in 3 women will experience urinary incontinence in their lifetime.
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine, regardless of amount or situation. Stress Incontinence (SI) refers to leakage that is noticed during a cough or sneeze, when laughing, or during strenuous activities like soccer, jumping jacks, or other aerobic activities. Sometimes women get the sudden and urgent need to get to a bathroom. Urge Incontinence (UI) is the loss of urine that is accompanied by this sudden, urgent feeling. Fecal Incontinence is a loss of control of the bowel resulting in fecal leakage.
Over 40% of women experience Urinary Incontinence during their first pregnancy and up to 25% of women after their first pregnancy will experience altered fecal continence.
Most incontinence is a mixture of both types of stress and urge incontinence. Weakness of the pelvic floor muscles can contribute to incontinence. But it is also important to acknowledge that tightness in the pelvic floor muscles can also contribute to incontinence. This tightness may be the result of trauma during delivery, or from scar tissue resulting from caesarian sections or suturing. This tightness can cause dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles, meaning they will not work with the appropriate strength, endurance, or timing.
Incontinence and Physiotherapy
We know that incontinence is common, but physiotherapy can help – both preventatively and after giving birth. Women who receive pelvic floor strengthening before delivery are 56% less likely to suffer incontinence during their late pregnancy stages and are also less likely to suffer from incontinence post-partum. Likewise women who received pelvic floor physiotherapy following the birth of their baby were significantly less likely to suffer from either urinary or fecal incontinence.
Pelvic health physiotherapy helps to improve the strength, endurance and timing of pelvic floor muscle contractions to successfully treat incontinence. Physiotherapists combine pelvic floor muscle training with hands-on techniques to address any scar tissue or area of tightness, use modalities like acupuncture and biofeedback, and educate patients with respect to lifestyle changes. The positive outcomes that result are the reason that the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada recommends pelvic floor muscle training with a physiotherapist to prevent urinary incontinence during pregnancy and after delivery (Joint Policy Statement for the SOGC, 2005).
Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Physiotherapy
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the vaginal walls are compromised. The word prolapse comes from the Latin word, “to fall out”. Prolapse can occur anteriorly (vaginal wall falls from the front), posteriorly (vaginal wall falls in from behind) or from above when the organs above the vagina create downwards pressure. A prolapse can be a minor bulge into the vaginal space, or it can be severe enough to extend beyond the opening of the vagina.
Like incontinence, prolapse is common, with 1 in 2 women experiencing some degree of prolapse. Common symptoms that occur with prolapse are sensation of heaviness, irritation, pressure or pain. Pelvic floor muscle training helps to decrease the symptoms and severity of pelvic organ prolapse.
Sexual Dysfunction, Pain and Physiotherapy
Sexual dysfunction is one of the most common disorders as a consequence of perineal trauma. Perineal pain occurs in up to 42% of women immediately after delivery, with the pain occurring more frequently with forceps assisted deliveries
In a large study of women after their first pregnancy:
- 62% had painful intercourse at 3 months postpartum,
- 31% still experienced painful intercourse 6 months postpartum
Postnatal pelvic pain and painful intercourse can be related to shortened pelvic floor musculature, the presence of scar tissue, adhesions and increased tone or trigger points in the pelvic floor muscles or related connective tissue. These dysfunctions of the pelvic floor can occur with vaginal deliveries or with cesarean section. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can relieve this pain through various soft tissue techniques to mobilize and release restrictions in the internal and external pelvic tissues.
Blocked Ducts, Mastitis and Physiotherapy
Blocked ducts and mastitis episodes can occur following pregnancy and while nursing. Both can create new stress and pain for mothers trying to care for their newborns. Many women do not realize that blocked ducts can be readily treated with physiotherapy, specifically ultrasound treatment. Many mothers are very grateful to receive some treatment and education during this stressful time.
Female Urinary Incontinence
Female urinary incontinence (UI) affects 10-25% of women under the age of 65, and another 15-30% of women over the age of 65.
Female incontinence affects women differently. For active women, any mild leakage that interferes with activity is too much. For other women, leakage that requires the daily use of absorbent pads becomes part of her lifestyle.
What are the consequences of incontinence?
- Inability to carry out normal desired activities
- Obsession with planning outings around bathroom locations
- Costs associated with absorbent padding
What can physiotherapy do?
Many scientific studies provide evidence that suggest conservative measures for the treatment of stress and urinary incontinence are successful and lower the disability and costs associated with UI. Physical therapy treatment may include some or all of the following, depending on assessment findings:
- Education regarding voiding frequencies through diaries, functional use of the pelvic floor muscles, dietary habits, bowel routine and stress and lifestyle management.
- Exercises including traditional Kegels, wave, abdominal, respiratory training, strength, endurance and speed training
- Manual techniques that may include manual facilitation, passive stretching, friction massage, closure techniques and manual resistance
- Electrical Vaginal Stimulation
- Vaginal Biofeedback through EMG monitoring
EPA Guelph currently offers treatment for female urinary incontinence. Treatment sessions are private and include education, biofeedback and/or electrical stimulation and progressive functional training.
Jacqueline Sinkeldam, a senior partner of Eramosa Physio, has completed a certification course for the treatment of the above and has been seeing clients for the last five years. For more information please contact Eramosa Physio in Guelph.
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